On Jan. 24, Ukraine House in Davos on the sidelines of the World Economic Forum 2018 lead a panel discussion: “Data Science: Ensuring Human over Data”. Borys Pratsiuk, Head of Ciklum R&D Engineering, took part in the panel discussion along with Alex Fridlyand, Managing Director at Soros Fund Management and Olexiy Skrypnyk, MP of Ukraine.
Discussing the global impact of AI, neural networks and machine learning, the speakers had an engaging and provocative panel session answering the questions like “Will there be a clash of AI and humans?” and “How do we ensure that businesses and governments have enough professional human capacity to deal with the data?”.
Phaedra Chrousos, Chief Innovation Officer at The Libra Group, a panel moderator, opened the discussion with the thought-provoking fact:
“90% of data was created in the last 2 years. Every day we all collectively generate an amount of data that is equivalent to a company the size of Google”
To illustrate the use case of data analytics, Borys Pratsiuk shared the case about the Norway company possessing more than 4K fish farms and suffering from fish extinction from bacteria. The company would not be able to control fish quality without underwater high-resolution cameras and AI-based algorithms.
IT in Ukraine: Achievements and Potential
Since the beginning of the 20th century, Ukraine has bricked up a solid background in the mathematical education which translates into more highly-qualified experts in AI and machine learning. The participants of the panel mapped out several advantages that differentiate the Ukrainian IT specialists:
- Good combination of advanced mathematics knowledge and linear education
- Profound understanding of the problems at their core
During the previous 10 years, Ukraine established a huge ecosystem of the private educational institutions and IT associations. With more English-speaking specialists and emergence of new tech communities, the Ukrainian IT ecosystem is rapidly transforming into a more professional and mature industryBorys Pratsiuk, Ciklum Head of R&D Engineering
In the course of the past 10 years, the landscape of the Ukrainian IT Industry has significantly changed. Borys Pratsiuk distinguished the government initiatives in the field of taxation that allow to keep talents in the country. He mentioned that a huge ecosystem of private education enabled the appearance of different IT communities and hubs creating the culture of collaboration. Borys also outlined that the Ukrainian IT talent became more mature and earned the authority to compete globally.
Today it’s relatively easy to introduce Ukrainian talent to the Western world businesses” and admitted the potential of Ukrainian IT talent, “With the proper investment in education, Ukraine will be the leading house for more sophisticated and high-end services whether it’s in data science, AI, virtual reality etc.Alex Fridlyand, Managing Director at Soros Fund Management
Will AI replace most jobs in future?
The participants came to the point that AI is a multigenerational process and some primitive operations can be substituted by robots. Although the human brain is so complicated to study, Olexiy Skrypnyk predicted that people will have 100 years to adapt to the AI-world.
Alex Fridlyand and Borys Pratsiuk highlighted that AI can help solve more complicated problems in the fields of space exploration, managing weather, and healthcare. For instance, data science algorithms can help with an epilepsy prediction – the task no doctor can cope with.
Government – IT industry relationships
The Head of R&D at Ciklum pointed out the benefits from the improvement of taxation, while the Managing Director at Soros Fund Management suggested giving a break from auditors and providing freedom in actions to attract venture capital. MP of Ukraine outlined two main ways government can support the IT: educational and institutional. Speaking about government intrusion in the IT activities, Olexiy made a prediction:
Very soon the government will have to create some regulations of the drones, as one time there will be a lot of them flying in the airOlexiy Skrypnyk, MP of Ukraine
While discussing the most rational ways to regulate the access to data and government structure for communication and security, Borys shared the insights from NIPS conference on the ethics of neural networks, AI, and machine learning. He has also highlighted that governments have to discuss the problems like data regulation on the world level.
Watch the video recording from the Data Science Panel: “Ensuring Human Power over Data”